HMS Tribune (1853)
HMS Tribune (1853)

â–º The Royal Navy

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NameTribune (1853)Explanation
TypeCorvette TypeFrigate
Launched21 January 1853   
HullWooden Length192 feet
PropulsionScrew Men300
Builders measure1570 tons   
Displacement2243 tons   
Fate1866 Last in commission1866
Class  Class (as screw)Tribune
Ships bookADM 135/479   
14 January 1853Launched at Sheerness Dockyard.
14 May 1853
- 22 November 1854
Commanded (from commissioning at Woolwich) by Captain Swynfen Thomas Carnegie, Channel squadron, then the Baltic and then the Black Sea during the Russian War
28 November 1854
- 16 January 1855
Commanded by Captain Lord John Hay, Black Sea during the Russian War
11 December 1854Commanded by Captain James Robert Drummond, Mediterranean, and Black Sea during the Russian War
13 August 1855Commanded by Captain Harry Edmond Edgell, Pacific (including 2nd Anglo-Chinese War)
18 August 1858
- August 1860
Commanded (until paying off at Portsmouth) by Captain Geoffrey Thomas Phipps Hornby, Pacific (where he diplomatically helped resolve the dispute - "Pig War" - with the United States over San Juan Island, off Vancover)
17 March 1862
- 16 May 1866
Commanded (from commissioning at Portsmouth until paying off at Portsmouth) by Captain Viscount Gilford, Pacific
August 1866Sold to C. Marshall for breaking up at Plymouth.
Extracts from the Times newspaper
(various)this gets replaced
Tu 11 September 1860The following vessels comprise the four classes of the steam reserve at Portsmouth, the list corrected to this date :-
First Class.- Duke of Wellington, 131 guns, 700 horsepower; Princess Royal, 91 guns, 400 horse-power; Shannon, 51 guns, 600 horse-power ; Immortalité, 51 guns, 600 horse-power; Volcano, 6 guns, 140 horse-power; Philomel, 6 guns, 80 horse-power; and gunboats Brazen, Beaver, Snapper, Traveller, Grinder, and Blazer, of two guns each, and 60 horse-power.
Second Class.- Royal Sovereign, 131 guns, 800 horse-power; Victoria, 121 guns, 1,000 horse-power; Prince of Wales, 131 guns, 800 horse-power ; Duncan, 101 guns, 800 horse-power; Nelson, 91 guns, 500 horse-power; the Sutlej, 51 guns, 500 horse-power ; the Harrier, 17 guns, 100 horse-power; the Rinaldo, 17 guns, 200 horse-power; the Medea, 6 guns, 350 horse-power; the Stromboli, 6 guns, 280 horse-power; the Coquette, 6 guns, 200 horse-power; and the gunboats Cracker, Fancy, Swinger, Pincher, and Badger, of 60 horse-power each, and 2 guns.
Third Class.- The Tribune, 31 guns, 300 horse-power; the Rosamond, 6 guns, 280-horse power; the Vigilant, 4 guns, 200 horse-power; the Vulture, 6 guns, 470 horse-power; the Cygnet, 5 guns, 80 horse-power; and the gunboats Cheerful, Rambler, Pet, Daisy, Angler, Chub, Ant, Pert, and Decoy, of two guns each and 21 horse-power.
4th Class.- The screw transport Fox, 200 horse-power; the Erebus, 16 guns, 200 horse-power; the Meteor, 14 guns, 150 horse-power; and the Glatton, 14 guns, 150 horse-power.

The foregoing - not including the gunboats and mortar vessels in Haslar-yard - consist of seven line-of-battle ships, four frigates, two corvettes, nine sloops, three floating batteries, 20 gunboats, and one troop steamer. They give a total force of 1,150 guns, propelled by 11,420 horse-power (nominal). The Fox steam troopship is given in this return as not carrying any guns, but in the official Navy List she still carried "42" attached to her name.

Tu 11 February 1862With reference to the order alluded to in The Times of yesterday for reducing the number of guns and men on board ships of war, instructions are given for the reduction of the armament, the character of which may he illustrated by a few examples:- The Tribune, screw frigate, now fitting for commission at Portsmouth, is ordered to carry, in lieu of 32 guns, as heretofore, only 23, as follows:- Main deck, 16 65 cwt. 8-inch; upper deck, 4 40-pounders, Armstrongs; 1 100-pounder, Armstrong (pivot); 2 33-pounders, of 45 cwt. The Shannon and Euryalus are each to land 16 guns, and, like the Tribune, will carry only 8-inch guns on their main decks. The Duncan, 93, lands 10 of her guns, reducing her to a 89. The substitution of one calibre of gun on the main deck of our frigates and on the main and lower deck of our line-of-battle ships will tend to considerably simplify the "projectile" question. The reduction of the number of guns on board ship in peaceable times must be for the ship's benefit in rendering her easy in a seaway, and, besides, the guns can be easily replaced on board whenever they might be required. The reduction of the number of men on board, however, does not admit of such reasoning. In the case of the Warrior, for instance, we believe that during her recent stay at Portsmouth her crew was inspected at quarters by one of the Board of Admiralty, upon the complaint of the captain that the crew allowed her was insufficient in number. Our frigates now exceed the size of our three-deckers of a few years back, and this reduction of their crews will be looked upon by the profession generally with grave suspicion.

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