HMS Euryalus (1853)
HMS Euryalus (1853)

Royal NavyVessels

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NameEuryalus (1853)Explanation
Launched5 October 1853   
HullWooden Length212 feet
PropulsionScrew Men515
Builders measure2371 tons   
Displacement3125 tons   
Fate1867 Last in commission1865
Ships bookADM 135/163   
5 October 1853Launched at Chatham Dockyard.
26 December 1853
- 23 April 1857
Commanded (from commissioning at Chatham until paying off at Plymouth) by Captain George Ramsay, the Baltic during the Russian War, then (1856) North America and West Indies
15 February 1858
- 19 November 1860
Commanded (from commissioning at Plymouth until paying off at Portsmouth) by Captain John Walter Tarleton, Channel squadron, then Mediterranean (with Prince Alfred serving as Naval cadet from October 1858) , then (1860) Prince Alfred's visit to the Cape of Good Hope
24 January 1862
- 11 February 1862
Commanded (from commissioning at Portsmouth) by Captain Alexander Crombie Gordon, fitting at Portsmouth
10 February 1862
- 15 August 1863
Commanded by Captain John James Steven Josling, flagship of Rear-Admiral Augustus Leopold Kuper on the East Indies and China station (until Josling was killed during the bombardment of Kagoshima ('Anglo-Satsuma War'))
20 September 1863
- 24 November 1864
Commanded by Captain John Hobhouse Inglis Alexander, East Indies and China (including the bombardment of Simonoseki, at which Alexander was seriously wounded)
24 November 1864
- 23 September 1865
Commanded (until paying off at Portsmouth) by Captain William Montagu Dowell, flagship of Admiral Augustus Leopold Kuper, East Indies and China
Extracts from the Times newspaper
Fr 20 November 1846The works on the Euraylus are suspended, waiting for orders for the situation of the screw
Ma 6 March 1854


The victualling of the ships at Spithead for six months foreign service was completed yesterday. There are now at this rendezvous to-day the following ships, the complements of which we give, as nearly as we can arrive at them without consulting the ships' books:—
Princess Royal, Captain Lord Clarence Paget, flag of Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Napier, K.C.B., &c.913,129880400
Prince Regent, Captain Hutton, flag of Rear-Admiral Corry.902,513821
Edinburgh, Captain Hewlett, flag of Rear-Admiral Chads. C.B.561,772660450
Royal George, Captain Codrington, C.B.1212,6161,100400
St. Jean d'Acre, Captain the Hon. Henry Keppel.1013,600900650
Boscawen, Captain Glanville.702,212620
Hogue, Captain W. Ramsay.601.750660450
Imperieuse, Captain Watson, C.B.512,347530360
Arrogant, Captain Yelverton.471,872450360
Amphion. Captain A.C. Key.341.474320300
Tribune, Captain the Hon. S.T. Carnegie.301,570200300
Dauntless, Captain Ryder.331,490300580
Leopard, Captain Giffard.181,412280550
Valorous, Captain C.H.M. Buckle.161,255220400
Dragon, Captain Willcox.61,270200500
Bulldog, Captain W.C. Hall.61,123160500
Frolic, Commander Nolloth.16511120
They have each been ordered (this day) to draw charts for the Baltic.
Every day will add to this force, which will eventually include the three-deckers, Duke of Wellington, 131; St. George, 120; Waterloo, 120; Neptune, 120; Caesar, 91; Nile, 91; James Watt, 91; Algiers, 91; Monarch, 84; Ganges, 84; Cressy, 81; Majestic, 81; Blenheim, 60; Ajax, 60; Euryalus, 51 ; Fox, 42; Pique, 40; and numerous others. Sir Charles Napier will, we believe, command personally 20 sail of the line, and 10 sail of French. There will be about 50 sail of smaller ships, which will be apportioned to the English and French Rear-Admirals and Commodore Martin, and it is reported a squadron of sailing-sloops or brigs is to be commissioned to cruise off the Scotch coast to prevent privateering. Rear-Admiral Corry will shift his flag to-morrow from the Prince Regent, 90, to the Neptune, 120, an order having been received yesterday, appointing Captain Hutton to the Neptune, and Captain Smith, C.B., from the Neptune, to the Prince Regent. Captain Hutton takes with him Commander Bunce, Lieutenant Brandreth, and 50 of the Prince Regent's crew. When the change of officers and ships was made known on board the Prince Regent yesterday, the whole ship's company, who really love their admiral and captain, and are devotedly attached to their matchless ship, wanted to follow the admiral, as one man, into the Neptune, and when told that only 50 would be allowed to be draughted by the Admiralty, their countenances betokened the sincerest dejection. Subsequently all the petty officers went aft on the quarter deck and respectfully requested that the Admiralty might be memorialised for their removal with their admiral and captain. The Neptune will be some time getting ready. She has lower yards and topmasts up and topgallant masts pointed, but has only 150 men on her books besides her draught of Royal Marines. We expect, therefore, that Rear-Admiral Chads will be the first despatched with a "flying squadron" of frigates towards the Baltic, that Sir Charles Napier will follow, and that Rear-Admiral Corry will bring up the rear. Captain Hay, of the Victory, has declined the flag-captaincy to Sir Charles Napier. The Prince Regent, the St. Jean d’Acre, the Amphion and the Odin were paid wages down to the 31st of January yesterday. The Imperieuse, Tribune, and Valorous will be paid to-morrow, leaving only the Arrogant (whose pay books have not yet been landed) of Admiral Corry's division to be paid. The Blenheim, 60, Captain the Hon, F.J. Pelham, has readjusted her compasses and will be ready to join the fleet to morrow. The Caesar, 91, Captain Robb, is rattling down her rigging. The Odin, 16, Captain F. Scott, is repairing boilers in the steam-basin. The fleet are daily exercised in .gunnery, reefing, furling, &c. Mr. Parratt, of the Treasury, brought down last night from London a small tubular collapsing boat, upon the principle of his admirable liferaft, which he has this day taken off to the St. Jean d'Acre, for the Hon. H. Keppell. The 23d, 42d, and 79th Regiments are preparing for active service. The two latter corps will be augmented by volunteers from the 72d and 79th depots, 31 volunteers from the 11th Foot, 32 from the 65th, and 62 from the 35th embarked from this dockyard at 6 o'clock this morning, in the Foyle, British and Irish Steam-pocket Company's vessel, to join the 1st battalion of the Royals, at Plymouth. The Foyle embarks the 93d depôt at Plymouth, to-morrow, for the Isle of Wight. The depôt of the 2d battalion of the Rifle Brigade will be conveyed to the Isle of Wight to-morrow in Her Majesty's steam-tender Sprightly.
The Cruiser, 14, Commander G.H. Douglas, will join the Baltic fleet.
We 18 August 1858The Euryalus, 51, Captain John W. Tarleton, C.B., in dock at Portsmouth, when repaired, will join the Channel squadron until such time as Prince Alfred shall embark, which it is expected will be about October.
Ma 4 October 1858Admiral Fremantle's squadron hove in sight, near the Eddystone, at 9 o'clock yesterday (Sunday) morning. Wind, west south west; strong breeze. At 11 o'clock they were approaching Plymouth Sound in two divisions. The squadron includes the Renown, 91, Captain A. Forbes; the Victor Emmanuel, 91, Captain J. Wilcox; the Orion, 91, Captain D'Eyncourt; the Caesar, 90, Captain C. Frederick; the Brunswick, 81, Captain E. Ommanney; the Euryalus, 51, Captain J.W. Tarleton; the Diadem, 32, Captain W. Moorsom; and the Racoon, 22, Captain J.A. Paynter.
Fr 8 April 1859

HOUSE OF COMMONS, Thursday, April 7.


Sir G. PECHELL [Sir George Richard Brooke Pechell, Bt. (1789–1860), Liberal, Brighton] called the attention of the First Lord of the Admiralty to the valuable invention of Captain Kynaston, R.N., for lowering boats from the quarter and stern of ships when going fast through the water, by which means many lives might be saved. The value of the invention had lately been demonstrated on board Her Majesty's ship Euryalus (the vessel in which Prince Alfred was serving), when, a seaman having fallen overboard off Alexandria, the boat was lowered in a strong wind and heavy sea, the ship going eight knots through the water, and the man was saved. He (Sir G. Pechell) wished the right hon. Baronet to obtain a report of the different trials made of Captain Kynaston's disengaging hooks, and, as rewards were given for valuable inventions for the destruction of life by means of explosive materials and large guns - as baronetages, and perhaps peerages, were the rewards of such inventions, it was certainly expedient that some due acknowledgment should be awarded to those who had projected the means of saving life. Captain Kynaston was suffering from wounds sustained in the Crimea, and his case was in every way deserving of consideration.

Sir J. PAKINGTON [ First Lord of the Admiralty] could only repeat what he had said yesterday, - that the experimental trials of the invention were not completed, and that the Admiralty were not yet in possession of any report on the subject. He sympathized most sincerely with Captain Kynaston under his sufferings, which were the results of valuable services rendered to his country, and he also felt grateful to that gallant officer for the endeavours he had made to bring to perfection a most useful invention for the preservation of life. He heartily hoped, for the sake of the gallant officer, that his invention might prove successful, but he was not at present in a position to produce the report for which the hon. and gallant member for Brighton had asked.

We 28 September 1859The following is the distribution of the Mediterranean fleet at Malta:- Screw steamships of the Line.- The Marlborough, 131 (flagship of Vice-Admiral Fanshawe), on her way to Gibraltar, left Malta on the 15th of September; the Hannibal, 91 (flagship of Rear-Admiral Mundy), coast of Sicily; the Conqueror, 101, Gibraltar; the St. Jean d'Acre, 101, coast of Sicily; the Orion, 91, Gibraltar; the Princess Royal, 91, Gibraltar; the Renown, 91, Malta; the Victor Emmanuel, 91, Gibraltar; the Exmouth, 90, Naples; the London, 90, coast of Sicily; the Brunswick, 80, coast of Sicily; the Centurion, 80, Gibraltar; and the Cressy, 80, left Malta on the 5th of September. Steam Frigates.- The Euryalus, 51, Piraeus of Athens; the Liffey, 51, Piraeus of Athens; the Doris, 32, left Malta on the 13th of September; and the Terrible, 21, Naples. Steam Corvettes.- The Racoon, 22, Corfu; the Cadmus, 21, Malta; and the Vulture, 6, Morocco coast. Steam Sloops.- The Gannet, 11, Piraeus of Athens; the Argus, 6, Malta; the Intrepid, 6, Constantinople; the Recruit, 6, Malta; the Scourge, 6, Malta; the Assurance, 4, left Malta on the 31st of August; the Coquette, 4, Marseilles; the Lapwing, 4, Gibraltar; the Osprey, 4, Corfu; the Vigilant, 4, Venice; and the Wanderer, 4, Candia. Steam Gunboats.- The Growler, Gibraltar; and the Quail, Gibraltar. Steam Despatch-vessels.- The Banshee, 2, Malta; and the Caradoc, 2, Malta. Steam-tender.- The Boxer, 2, Malta. Steam Surveying-vessels.- The Medina, 4, Candia ; and the Tartarus, 4, Candia. Receiving-ship.- The Hibernia (flag of Rear-Admiral Codrington), Malta. Depot-ship.- The Africa, Gibraltar. Tugs.- The Hearty, Malta; and the Redpole, 2, Gibraltar. Sailing Gunboats.- The Azof, 2, Malta; and the Kertch, 2, Malta.
Th 1 March 1860His Royal Highness Prince Alfred passed his examination for midshipman on board the Euryalus the day the ship anchored at Spithead. The examination extended over three days. The King of Portugal dined with the Prince and the officers of the ship, on board, on the 18th inst. [should be 'ult.'] The Euryalus sailed from Lisbon on the following day [19 February], and had a contrary wind until off Ushant, when it veered from N.E. to N.W. and S.W. Off Cape Finisterre she lost a man by falling from aloft overboard. She passed the Channel squadron below Plymouth, at 10 30 p.m. on Sunday, standing on a wind down Channel.
Fr 13 December 1861The Euryalus and Shannon frigates, at Portsmouth, have as yet no officers named to commission them. Both, vessels, however, are complete in every respect, and can proceed to sea within 12 hours, if necessary. The Vigilant and Pandora screw sloops are held in equal readiness, but, as in the case of the frigates, no one has yet been named to their command. The Chanticleer, 17, screw, is flying the transferred pennant of the Wasp, with her officers .and crew on a week's leave. On their rejoining, she can proceed to sea at a day's notice, if required. The case is very different with the Geyser, 6 paddle, which vessel, on being ordered to the Pacific, has been discovered to have serious defects, and has, in consequence, turned her crew over to one of the hulks in the harbour. She will be taken into the steam basin to-day to undergo the necessary repairs, the extent of which and the time occupied will depend, as a matter of course, upon the extent of defects discovered.
Sa 25 January 1862The Euryalus, 51, screw, was commissioned at Portsmouth yesterday by Capt. Gordon, for the flag of Rear-Admiral Stopford.
Tu 11 February 1862With reference to the order alluded to in The Times of yesterday for reducing the number of guns and men on board ships of war, instructions are given for the reduction of the armament, the character of which may he illustrated by a few examples:- The Tribune, screw frigate, now fitting for commission at Portsmouth, is ordered to carry, in lieu of 32 guns, as heretofore, only 23, as follows:- Main deck, 16 65 cwt. 8-inch; upper deck, 4 40-pounders, Armstrongs; 1 100-pounder, Armstrong (pivot); 2 33-pounders, of 45 cwt. The Shannon and Euryalus are each to land 16 guns, and, like the Tribune, will carry only 8-inch guns on their main decks. The Duncan, 93, lands 10 of her guns, reducing her to a 89. The substitution of one calibre of gun on the main deck of our frigates and on the main and lower deck of our line-of-battle ships will tend to considerably simplify the "projectile" question. The reduction of the number of guns on board ship in peaceable times must be for the ship's benefit in rendering her easy in a seaway, and, besides, the guns can be easily replaced on board whenever they might be required. The reduction of the number of men on board, however, does not admit of such reasoning. In the case of the Warrior, for instance, we believe that during her recent stay at Portsmouth her crew was inspected at quarters by one of the Board of Admiralty, upon the complaint of the captain that the crew allowed her was insufficient in number. Our frigates now exceed the size of our three-deckers of a few years back, and this reduction of their crews will be looked upon by the profession generally with grave suspicion.
We 12 February 1862Rear-Admiral of the Blue Augustus C. Kuper, C.B., hoisted his flag, as the successor of Sir James Hope on the East India and China station, yesterday at Portsmouth, on board the Euryalus screw frigate, and afterwards proceeded on short leave of absence. Capt. John J.S. Josling (1861), who has succeeded Capt. Gordon in command of the Euryalus on the change of flag, also joined the ship yesterday. Capt. Gordon, who has accepted the command of the Amphion, screw frigate, on the Mediterranean station, vice Birch, invalided, will proceed to take command of his ship probably in Her Majesty's ship Himalaya.
Sa 15 February 1862The Euryalus screw frigate, Captain Gosling, fitted at Plymouth for the flag of Rear-Admiral Kuper, C.B., the newly-appointed Commander-in-Chief on the East India and China station, was yesterday taken out of Portsmouth harbour to the measured mile in Stokes-bay to test her rate of speed at deep draught prior to her departure from the port. Mr. Miller, assistant-engineer of the dockyard, and Mr. Eames, acting-inspector of machinery afloat, superintended the trial. The ship's draught of water was, forward, 20 feet 7 inches, and aft, 22 feet 4 inches. Her screw was of the common Admiralty pattern, with the leading corners cut, with a diameter of 17 feet, and a pitch of 21 feet. The load on the safety-valve was 20, the average revolutions 56, and the mean speed of the runs made 9.469 knots. A complete circle was made under full steam in six minutes and two seconds. The engines were stopped dead, turned ahead, and then astern, readily and quickly. Her engines are of 400-horse power, nominal, by Messrs. Penn and Son, and their working was pronounced perfectly satisfactory. At the close of the trial the Euryalus returned to the harbour and took up her former moorings, where she will discharge 16 of her32-pounders, reducing the number of her guns to 35, in accordance with the order recently issued from the Admiralty.
Ma 17 February 1862The Euryalus, 35, screw, Capt. J. Josling, left Spithead at 10 a.m. yesterday by the eastern passage, under steam, for Plymouth Sound, where she will embark Rear-Admiral A.L. Kuper, C.B., the successor of Vice-Admiral Sir James Hope, K.C.B., Commander-in-Chief on the East India and China station. No precise date has been named for the Euryalus sailing from Plymouth for her station.
Tu 18 February 1862The screw steam frigate Euryalus, 51, from Portsmouth, arrived yesterday (Monday) morning in Plymouth Sound, and went direct into Hamoaze, where she will be prepared for the reception of Rear-Admiral Augustus L. Kuper, C.B., just appointed to the command of the India and China station.
Sa 22 February 1862The screw steam frigate Euryalus, flag of Rear-Admiral Augustus L. Kuper, C.B., in Plymouth Sound, has received her powder and ammunition, and will probably sail to-day or to-morrow for her station on the coast of China.
Fr 1 August 1862The Union Steam Company's mail steamship Briton, Commander John Boxer, has arrived. She left Table Bay, June 20… Her Majesty's screw steam fngate Euryalus, flag of Admiral Cuper, was at Simon's Bay. The Narcissus has left for the Mozambique Channel. The Gorgon was appointed to leave in an few days for the Mauritius and Madagascar.
Th 16 October 1862

28 August 1862

At Hongkong.- The British steamers Beagle, Euryalus, Hesper, and Snake; the gunboats Banterer, Clown, Cockchafer, Dove, Drake, Firm, Forester, Grasshopper, Haughty, Janus, Leven, Opossum, Staunch, Watchful, Woodcock; and the Spanish steamcr Malespina.
Sa 30 August 1862Her Majesty's frigate Euryalus, from Plymouth, arrived at the Cape on the 12th of June, and sailed on the 21st of June for China. The Swallow, from Rio, which arrived on the 12th, of July, bound for Japan, remained in port. The Gorgon, from Simon's Bay, arrived on the 22d of June in Algoa Bay, and left the same day for the Mauritius.
(various)this gets replaced
Sa 12 November 1864The following is the list of the vessels of the Royal navy which will be armed, and are now being armed, with the new description of 300-pounder and other guns in course of issue. The figures after each vessel specify the number of guns of the description mentioned she will carry. To mount the 12-ton 300-pounders:- Bellerophon, 10; Royal Sovereign, 5; Minotaur, 4; Scorpion, 4; Wiveren, 4; Prince Albert, 4; Agincourt, 4; and Northumberland, 4. To be armed with the 6½-ton guns:- The Achilles, 20; Black Prince, 20; Warrior, 20; Lord Warden, 20; Lord Clyde, 20; Royal Oak, 20; Prince Consort, 20; Royal Alfred, 20; Caledonia, 20; Ocean, 20; Minotaur, 18 ; Agincourt, 18; Valiant, 16; Zealous, 16; Hector, 16; Defence, 10; Resistance, 10; Endymion, 6; Mersey, 4; Orlando, 4, Pallas, 4; Favourite, 4; Research, 4; Enterprise, 4; Amazon, 2; Viper, 2; and Vixen, 2. To mount the 64-pounder muzzle-loader:- The Bristol, 12; Melpomene, 12; Liverpool, 12; Severn, 12; Arethusa, 12; Phoebe, 12;. Shannon, 12; Octavia, 12; Constance, 12; Sutlej, 12; Undaunted, 12; Impérieuse, 12; Aurora, 12; Leander, 12; Bacchante, 12; Emerald, 12; Phaeton, 12: Narcissus, 12; Forte, 12; Euryalus, 12; Topaz, 12; Newcastle, 12; Liffey, 12; Immortalité, 12; Glasgow, 12; Clio, 8, North Star, 8 [laid down 1860, cancelled 1865]; Racoon, 8; Challenge[r], 8; and Menai, 8 [laid down 1860, cancelled 1864]. The following will be supplied with the 64-pounder breech-loaders:- The Scout, 8; Rattlesnake, 8; Cadmus, 8; Scylla, 8; Barossa, 8; Jason, 8; Charybdis, 8; Wolverine, 8; Pylades, 8; Orestes, 8; Pearl, 8; Pelorus, 8; Satellite, 8; Acheron, 4 [laid down 1861, cancelled 1863]; Shearwater, 4; Valorous, 4; Furious, 4; Bittern, 4 [laid down 1861, cancelled 1863]; Magicienne, 4; and Columbine, 4. A supply of the 6½-ton smooth-bore 100-pounder wrought iron guns has already been received at Chatham, and it is understood that the first supply of the 300-pounder rifled 12-ton Armstrong gun may shortly be expected at the Ordnance wharf.

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